Flores Urushima, Andrea Yuri

Position: Specially Appointed Assistant Professor

MAIL: andurush [at] cseas.kyoto-u.ac.jp

Research Departments

Global Humanosphere

Area

Urban Environmental Studies, Urban Environmental History, Regional Spaces Theory

Research Interests

Mid-twentieth century planning history and theory in Japan
Comparative studies of urbanization and landscape change in Asia and Latin America
Global urban studies



©Hagiwara Hachiro

    From a background in architecture and urban design – with a focus on participative, bioclimatic and environmental friendly oriented methods – an intellectual interest for clarifying the values behind the planning and design of modern living spaces emerged at the core of the research path developed up to now. During the 1960s period an important conceptual transition occurred in the planning theories developed since the late 19th century. It was the moment when the mainstream values of a rational physical planning theory were submitted to criticism and reassessment. From that moment, gained relevance a systemic thinking approach that emphasized the connections between local, regional and territorial scales within a large range of disciplinary viewpoints. The physical aspect of cities as the main focus of planning and design lost its pivotal relevance in order to give place to new comprehensive views to spatial transformations, which were sensitive to everyday needs and the reality of living at the local level. Following, architect-planners began to share the task of planning and design of cities with the community, and with other academic disciplines, such as, geography, agriculture, economy, sociology, anthropology, among others. In this process also gradually arouse the awareness that universal city making theories/models had limited applicability at local contexts. The criticism to the limited scope of universal theories has led to a renovation in the practice and theory of urban and regional planning towards a recent appreciation of how particular features of planning cultures developed across the world. However, among the fields that treat the history and theory of planning and design — specially those closer to architectural history, and with less incidence within planning history — it is still possible to perceive the maintenance of academic traditions of knowledge production heavily based on: analysis circumscribed to national contexts; an Euro-American perspective to universal theory; and extremely specialized viewpoints.

In order to renovate the urban and regional planning debate, a critical assessment of the historiography which backbones that debate will be developed under the following research topics:

  • 1. Comparative analysis of planning cultures attentive to the negotiations thread between internationally bred models and local realities;
  • 2. Transdisciplinary Survey over Natural-Cultural Interactions: through transdisciplinary dialogues evidence the interactive natural-cultural processes involved in the shaping of cities and regions across the world;
  • 3. Alternative Perspectives to “Universal” Theory (Asia and Latin America): support in the establishment of new transpacific routes of knowledge exchange between Asia and Latin America.

    BOOKS / BOOK CHAPTERS

  • [6] Tsukumo, T.J.; N. Fukami; A. Flores Urushima 「18メガシティ総覧。サンパウロ:移動する中心、空洞化する旧市街、郊外に広がる多極化」村松伸・深見奈緒子・山田協太・内山愉太『メガシティ2メガシティの進化と多様性』東京大学出版界, 2016
  • [5] Flores Urushima, A.; R. Abi-Samara and M. J. daCosta (eds.) Modernização urbana e cultura contemporânea: diálogo Brasil-Japão. São Paulo: Terracota, 2015
  • [4] Flores Urushima, A. “Unavoidable modernization and the image of hell: visual planning in mid-twentieth century in Japan”, in Alternative visions of postwar reconstruction: creating the modern townscape, ed. John PENDLEBURY, Erdem ERTEN, Peter LARKHAM. London: Routledge, 2014, pp. 90-107
  • [3] “Sakariba”, Vocabulaire Encyclopédique de la Spatialité Japonaise, ed. Philippe BONNIN. Paris: Éditions CNRS, 2014
  • [2] “Trends Towards Urbanization in Asia and Oceania. Sidebar: Jakarta (Batavia)”, World History Encyclopedia Vol 18/19, ed. Alfred J. ANDREA. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO, 2011
  • [1] Flores Urushima, A. and S. Cordeiro. 「ブラジルの仮設野営地 」布野修司(編)『世界住居史』 京都:昭和堂, 2005, pp. 338-9.

 

    JOURNALS

  • [6] “Territorial prospective visions for Japan’s high growth – the role of local urban development”, Nature and Culture 1 (1): 12-35, 2015. Peer reviewed
  • [5] “Réévaluation des modes de vie rural et citadin face à la dégradation de l’environnement: un débat national au Japon, 1967-1972 [Re-evaluating the rural and town life style against environmental degradation: a national debate in Japan, 1967-1972]”, Revue des Sciences Sociales 47: 130-8, 2012. Peer reviewed
  • [4] “The 1970 Osaka Expo: Local Planners, National Planning Processes and Mega Events”, Planning Perspectives 26: 635-47, 2011. Peer reviewed
  • [3] “A arquitetura moderna latino-americana pelo olhar Japonês”, in Maria Irene SZMRECSANYI (ed.), Desígnio – Revista de História da Arquitetura e do Urbanismo, Vol. 11/12, pp.89-96, 2011. Peer reviewed
  • [2] “Genesis and culmination of Uzō Nishiyama proposal of a model core of a future city for the Expo 70 Site (1960-1973)”. Planning Perspectives 22: 391-416, 2007. Peer reviewed
  • [1] “The Expo 70 as a debate for the creation of democratic cities”. Ekistics: the problems and science of human settlements (Globalization and local identity) 73: 301-310, 2005. Peer reviewed

 

    RESEARCH REPORTS

  • [6] “Urbanization, Urban Modernization and Housing in Brazil: Políticas e Produção Habitacional durante o Governo Municipal de Jânio Quadros (1986-1988)”, CIRAS Discussion Paper 70, March 2017. アンドレア・ユリ・フロレス・ウルシマ 『 ブラジルにおける都市化、都市現代化と住宅──ジャニオ・クアドロス市政期(1986~1988年)に実施された住宅供給を事例として(CIRAS Discussion Paper 70)』京都:京都大学東南アジア地域研究研究所
  • [5] “Urban Modernization and Contemporary Culture: Dialogues Brazil-Japan”, co-edited with Raquel Abi-Samara and Murilo J. daCosta, CIAS Discussion Paper 61, march 2016. アンドレア・ユリ・フロレス・ウルシマ、ハケル・アビサッマラ、ムリロ・ジャルデリの・ダコスタ(編)『都市の近代化と現代文化――ブラジル・日本の対話から (CIAS Discussion Paper 61)』京都:京都大学地域研究統合情報センター
  • [4] “Dwelt environment types of Sao Paulo city: Guidelines for a dwelt environment genealogy”, co-authored with Tais JAMRA TSUKUMO, in 深見奈緒子、山田恊太、内山愉太(編)『全球都市全史研究会報告書』京都:総合地球環境学研究所, pp.50-63, 2014
  • [2] “Environmental Design 3rd prize: Project of settlement for Landless Workers Movement”. In L. Y. Sook, Awarded design portfolio for the New Millennium Environment. Institute of Millennium Environmental Design Research, pp. 22-25, 2001
  • [1] “Em favor da Terra: Projeto de Assentamento Rural [In Earth’s Favor: Project of Rural Settlement], co-authored with Daniela MOTISUKE, Marcio ISHIBASHI, Ana Paula DO VAL, Bruno NOGUEIRA. Revista PROJETO Design 246, 2000. Online access http://www.arcoweb.com.br/arquitetura/usp-projeto-para-01-12-2000.html (accessed June 5th, 2013)

 

    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS

  • [9] “Between nature and culture: landscape preservation, identity and universal value”, the Sixth Conference of the Latin American Studies Council of Asia and Oceania (CELAO). Kyoto: CELAO [digital], 2014
  • [8] “Japanese Debate on the Preservation of Town Features against Environmental Degradation 1967-1972”, 15th IPHS Conference: Cities, Nations & Regions in Planning History. Sao Paulo: International Planning History Society [digital], 2012
  • [7] “Nishiyama Uzo’s View on the Postwar Modern Way of Living – The Case of Hashima Island”, International Conference on East-Asian Architectural Culture. Tainan: The Society of Architectural Historians of Taiwan [digital], 2009
  • [6] “Urban Modernization from Far East to Eastern Europe: Tange Kenzô and the Reconstruction Scheme for the Centre of Skopje”, co-authored with Benoit JACQUET, IXth International Conference of the European Association for Urban History: Comparative History of European Cities. Lyon: European Association for Urban History [digital], 2008
  • [5] “Lessons from the History of Megaevent Promotion in Japan for the 2014 World Cup in Brazil”, Symposium Brazil-Japan in Economy Science and Technological Innovation. Brazil-Japan Researchers Association, 2008
  • [4] “Transatlantic encounters, “black sheeps” in the islands – a comparative study of Thomas Sharp and Uzō Nishiyama ideas”, International Conference Visual Planning and Urbanism in the mid-twentieth century. APL Newcastle University [digital], 2007
  • [3] “Nishiyama proposals for the urban growth of Japanese Cities within the Expo 70 Site Planning Process”, 12th Conference of the International Planning History Society IPHS. Indian Institute of Technology Delhi [digital], 2006
  • [2] “Investigating the origins of the ‘networked compact urban system’ idea in Uzô Nishiyama proposition for the urban growth of Japanese cities”, in Conference Reassessing East Asia in the Light of Urban and Architectural History. The Society of Architectural Historians of Japan, pp.519-527, 2006
  • [1] “The paradoxical future vision of urbanity expressed by the Expo 70s Festival Plaza”, in Summaries of technical papers of Annual Meeting Architectural Institute of Japan. F, City Planning, Building Economics and Housing Problems, history and theory of Architecture. Architectural Institute of Japan, pp. 929−30, 2005

 

    ACADEMIC MEETINGS (ORGANISATION)

  • [6] International Symposium “Architectural and Planning Cultures Across Regions: Digital Humanities Collaboration Towards Knowledge Integration”, Unit of Academic Knowledge Integration Studies of Kyoto University Research Coordination Alliance (KURCA), Kyoto, Kyoto University, 26-27 March, 2017
  • [5] “2nd Brazil-Japan Seminar on Cultural Environments “Rural-Urban Mobility And Food Security In Brazil”, Unit of Academic Knowledge Integration Studies of Kyoto University Research Coordination Alliance (KURCA), Kyoto, Kyoto University, 23 March, 2017
  • [4] “(Re)presenting Architecture”, Embassy of Brazil in Tokyo/ Unit of Academic Knowledge Integration Studies of Kyoto University Research Coordination Alliance (KURCA), Tokyo, Embassy of Brazil in Tokyo, 24 March, 2017
  • [3] “1st Brazil-Japan Seminar on Cultural Environments: Urban Modernization Across Areas: Human Interaction with Rivers”, CIAS Collaboration Project “Area Environments And Global Sustainability Challenges”, Kyoto, 8 July, 2015
  • [2] “Workshop de Arquitetura Japonesa Contemporânea 日本現代建築ワークショップ”. Japan Foundation. Sao Paulo, FAU-USP: 9 Oct, 2008; Rio de Janeiro: FAU-UFRJ: 14 Oct, 2008
  • [1] “International Symposium Brazil-Japan: Urban Modernization and Contemporary Culture”, CAPES/ FAPESP/ Japan Foundation. Sao Paulo, Latin America Memorial Foundation, 10-11 October 2008, São Paulo

 

    INVITED CONFERENCE, SEMINARS AND LECTURES

  • [20] “ブラジルの都市問題論への貢献:日本近代都市計画史観からの都市と環境保全について”, 第18回日伯フォーラム/ 第3回環境災害研究会 『ブラジルの都市・環境災害とその解決方法について』, 京都大学大学院総合生存学館、2017年10月28日
  • [19] “都市のイメージはどこにあるか ?京都市を事例に”, 京都大学サマースクール2017, 京都大学、2017年8月11日
  • [18] “Une réflexion sur l’établissement de la profession d’urbaniste au Japon pendant la période moderne”, Journée D’études Japarchi 2017 日仏建築・都市研究者ネットワーク JAPARCHI 2017 年度研究集会 Maison franco-japonaise (Ebisu-MFJ), Tokyo, 11 Nov 2017
  • [17] “人間性に囲まれた都市: 戦後日本における都市拡大の議論”, 12e Colloque internationale Univ.Hôsei/ CEEJA/ CRCAO/ Université de Strasbourg 2016年 アルザスシンポジウム「人間の試練にさらされる日本の‹自然›. Centre Européen d’Etudes Japonaises d’Alsace, 04 Oct 2017
  • [16] “Territoire, tourisme et la promotion de l’ Osaka Expo 70”, discussant at “L’homme et les limites: géographie de la fragmentation de l’espace contemporain”, lecture of prof. Jean-Christophe GAY (Univ. Nice Sophia Antipolis), Maison Franco Japonaise, 17 Mar 2016, Tokyo.
  • [15] “Everyday and Innovation in the Making of Kyoto into a Cultural Heritage City”, guest lecturer at the IIAS-CSEAS Winter School “Mapping the Aesthetics of Urban Life in Asia” (Japan Foundation Asia Center), Inamori Foundation Memorial Building, 25 Jan 2016, Kyoto
  • [14] “Proposals for eliminating regional inequality in Japan’s Postwar territorial organization”, International Conference on “Inequality in a Rising Asia: Environment, History and Society”, organized by Development Alternatives (Toshiba International Foundation), India International Center, 4 Oct 2015, New Delhi
  • [13] “Discourses on Cultural Divergence in the 1960s Planning Theory in Japan”, International Workshop: How Culture is Perceived in the Processes of Research in the Humanities. Graduate School of Humanities at the Kyoto Seika University, 15 December 2014, Kyoto [Invited]
  • [12] “Death and Life of Modern Cities: What Was Vital to Cities and Regions in Japan of the High Growth Period?”, CIAS Researchers Workshop: The Non-essential Fascination: a Potential for Area Studies, CIAS, 21 October 2014, Kyoto 「都市の死と生―高度経済成長期の日本の都市と地方にとって何が肝心だったか?」京大地域研研究員ワークショップ「ムダの魅力―地域研究の潜在性」[Invited]
  • [11] “Forests and Urbanisation in Japan: a Historical Perspective”, International Conference: Wooden Architecture in Japan – Matter and Time, French School of Asian Studies – Kyoto Center (EFEO), 10 October 2014, Kyoto [Invited]
  • [10] “Planning for Everyday Life in Japan during the 1960s: National Territory, Local Cities and the Case of Kyoto”, Kyoto Lectures, École Française d’Extrême-Orient (EFEO)/Italian School of East Asian Studies (ISEAS)/ Institute for Research in Humanities at Kyoto University, 23 July 2014, Kyoto [Invited]
  • [9] “Visions urbanistiques pour la transformation du territoire au Japon des années 1960 [Urbanistic visions for the territorial transformation in Japan of the 1960s] “, Mutations paysagères de la ville japonaise [Landscape transformations of the Japanese city and architecture], Collège de France, 24 October 2013, Paris [Invited]
  • [8] “Territorial Prospective Visions for Japan’s High Growth-the Role of Local Urban Development”, International Conference: Plural Coexistence and Asian Sustainability-Asian Experiences in the Interdisciplinary Perspectives (School of Humanities and Social Sciences HSS – Nanyang Technological University), 11 March 2013, Singapore [Invited]
  • [7] “Preservation of Town Features against Environmental Degradation: the Japanese National Debate from 1967 to 1972”, 3rd CIAS Discussion Seminar (Center for Integrated Area Studies CIAS – Kyoto University), 29 June 2010, Kyoto
  • [6] “Megaevent promotion and modernization: the propositions for planning the 1970 Osaka Expo for the renovation of urban development mechanisms”, International Symposium: 20th Century Great Events -Architecture, Planning and Urban Development (Dipartimento di Architettura e Pianificazione DiAP – Politecnico di Milano), 2 April 2009, Milan [Invited]
  • [5] “A view of another: introduction to a Japanese meta-geography of the Latin American Modern Architecture”, Ambiguous Territories: Articulating New Geographies in Latin American Modern Architecture and Urbanism (GS of Architecture, Planning and Preservation GSAPP-Columbia University), 28 March 2009, New York [Invited]
  • [4] “The celebration of the 100 years of the Meiji Revolution (1968) and the dissemination of an urban design from Japan into a global scale”, International Symposium Brazil-Japan: Urban Modernization and Contemporary Culture (Latin America Memorial Foundation), 11 October 2008, São Paulo [Invited]
  • [3] “Nishiyama Uzō and the Expo 70’model core of a future city’: genesis and meaning”,
    Commemorative Lecture at the General Meeting of the Uzo Nishiyama Memorial Library, 31 May 2008, Kyoto [Invited]
  • [2] “Osaka Expo70 – Attracting a Mega event to the Kansai Region”, Anniversary of the Kansai Modern Japan Group, 29 October 2005, Kyoto
  • [1] “Environmental Design 3rd Prize: Project of Settlement for Landless Workers Movement”, World Congress on Environmental Design for the New Millenium (Yonsei University), 16 November 2000, Seoul

 

 

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