Position: Associate Professor
MAIL: obiya [at] cseas.kyoto-u.ac.jp
Modern History of Central Asia, Central Asian Area Studies
I am interested in modern history of Central Asia, especially Uzbekistan, in relation with the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union.
I have conducted researches on Basmachi Movement, i. e. armed anti-Soviet movements after Russian Revolution in some regions in Central Asia; Soviet national delimitation in Central Asia; aspects of new Uzbek nationalism after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the independence of Uzbekistan and so on. In addition, I have been involved in a project for database building for Tukestanskii Sbornik (Turkistan Collection) in terms of sharing, preserving and using rare historical materials for Central Asian area studies in collaboration with Uzbekistani people concerned.
My recent research interests are: (1) Soviet-socialist modernity and today’s society in Uzbekistan (2) Turkestanskii Sbornik as a set of Imperial Russia’s Colonial Knowledge on Central Asia.
In recent years I have been interested in questions of Islam and gender, especially in discourses and images about Islamic veil in Uzbekistan, which I examined in today’s context, then back to the past in Soviet and Imperial Russia’s contexts. These researches give me an idea that there are historical continuation and reproduction of so-called colonial dichotomy that made women’s veil a marker indicating Others for exclusion or indicating “bad” custom and culture, and that we can find the very old, but also new problems in the context of Islam gender and family in today’s Central Asia.
Through this, I came to notice that these questions in Central Asia rise in the arena where post-socialist transformation, Islamic revivalism and political authoritarianism interplay, and it requires rethinking about modernity in today’s context.
In such a perspective, I organize a research unit at CIRAS entitled “Gender, Family and Modernity in Post-socialist Muslim World” (2017-2018FY) to compare cases including other ex-socialist Muslim regions. Further in this project, I intend to discuss some common topics such as veil question or migrant question between ex-socialist and non-socialist regions, which is coming true in collaboration with B01 group of Grant-in-Aid Scientific Research for Innovated Areas “Relational Studies on Global Crisis.”
- OBIYA, C., ed., Islam, Gender and Family in Central Asia: Soviet Modernization and Today’s Society (CIAS Discussion Paper No. 63), Kyoto: CIAS, Kyoto University, 2016.
Обия, Ч. (сос.), Туркестанский сборник. Индекс по томам 1-594. (CIAS Discussion Paper No. 44. CD.), Киото: Центр объединенных региональных исследований Киотского Университета, 2014.
- Obiya, C. and H. Kuroki, eds., Political Violence and Human Security in the Post-9.11 World (JCAS Symposium Series No. 24, State Nation and Ethnic Relations IX), Osaka: The Japan Center for Area Studies, NME, 2006.
- Komatsu, H., C. Obiya, and J. S. Schoeberlein, eds., Migration in Central Asia: Its History and Current Problems (JCAS Symposium Series No. 9), Osaka: The Japan Center for Area Studies, NME, 2000.
- Obiya, C., “The Politics of the Veil in the Context of Uzbekistan,” in Obiya, C., ed. Islam, Gender and Family in Central Asia: Soviet Modernization and Today’s Society (CIAS Discussion Paper No. 63), Kyoto: CIAS, Kyoto University, 2016, pp. 7-18.
- Obiya, C., “A Fragment of History of ‘Transoxiana’ in the Early 20th Century: Tracing Enver Pasha in Central Asia,” in Transoxiana: история и культура. Академику Эдварду Ртвеладзе в честь 60-летия. Коллеги и ученики, Ташкент, 2004, pp. 347-352.
- Obiya, C., “The Basmachi Movement as a Mirror of Central Asian Society in the Revolutionary Period,” in Sakai K. (ed.), Social Protests and Nation-Building in the Middle East and Central Asia (IDE Development Perspective Series No. 1), Chiba: Institute of Developing Economies, JETRO, 2003, pp. 88-104.
- Obiya, C., “When Faizulla Khojaev Decided to Be an Uzbek,” in Komatsu, H. and Dudoignon S., eds., Islam and Politics in Russia and Central Asia: Early Eighteenth to Late Twentieth Centuries, London: Kegan Paul International, 2001, pp.99-118.
- CIRAS joint usage/research unit “Gender, Family and Modernity in Post-Socialist Islamic Space: Seeking for Links with Middle East Islamic Area Studies” (2017-2018FY, Unit leader)